Category Archives: Jews

The Making of the Old Testament

Now, looking at the Bible as it stands today, we find it is composed of 73 separate books – 46 in the Old Testament, and 27 in the New. How has it come to be composed precisely of these 73* and no others, and no more and no less? Well, taking first the Old Testament, we know that it has always been divided into three main portions – the Law, the Prophets and the Writings.

(1) The Law, as I remarked before, was the nucleus, the earliest substantial part, which at one time formed the sole book of Scripture that the Jews possessed. Moses wrote it and placed a copy of it in the Ark; that was about 3300 years ago.

(2) To this were added, long afterward, the Prophets and the Writings, forming the complete Old Testament. At what date precisely the volume or “canon” of the Old Testament was finally closed and recognized as completed forever is not absolutely certain.

When was the Old Testament compiled? Some would decide for about the year 430 B.C., under Esdras and Nehemias, resting upon the authority of the famous Jew, Josephus, who lived immediately after Our Lord and who declares that since the death of Ataxerxes, B.C. 424, “no one had dared to add anything to the Jewish Scriptures, to take anything from them, or to make any change in them.” Other authorities, again, contend that it was not till near 100 B.C. that the Old Testament volume was finally closed by the inclusion of the “Writings.” But whichever contention is correct, one thing at least is certain, that by this last date – that is, for 100 years before the birth of Our Blessed Lord – the Old Testament existed precisely as we have it now.

Of course, I have been speaking so far of the Old Testament, in Hebrew, because it was written by Jewish authority, in the Jewish language – namely, Hebrew – for Jews, God’s chosen people. But after what is called the “Dispersion” of the Jews, when that people were scattered abroad and settled in many other lands outside Palestine, and began to lose their Hebrew tongue and gradually became familiar with “Greek, which was then a universal language, it was necessary to furnish them with a copy of their Sacred Scriptures in the Greek language. Hence arose that translation of the Old Testament into Greek known as the Septuagint. This word means in Latin 70, and is so named because it is supposed to have been the work of 70 translators, who performed their task at Alexandria, where there was a large Greek-speaking colony of Jews. Begun about 280 or 250 years before Christ, we may safely say that it was finished in the next century; it was the acknowledged Bible of all the “Jews of the Dispersion” in Asia, as well as in Egypt, and was the version used by Our Lord, His Apostles and Evangelists, and by Jews and Gentiles and Christians in the early days of Christianity. It is from this version that Jesus Christ and the New Testament writers and speakers quote when referring to the Old Testament.

But what about the Chrisitians in either lands who could not understand Greek? When the Gospel had been spread abroad, and many people embraced Christianity through the labors of Apostles and missionaries in the first two centuries of our era, naturally they had to be supplied with copies of the Scriptures of the Old Testament (which was the inspired Word of God) in their own tongue; and this gave rise to translations of the Bible into Armenian and Syriac and Coptic and Arabic and Ethiopic for the benefit of the Christians in these lands. For the Christians in Africa, where Latin was best understood, there was a translation of the Bible made into Latin about 150 A.D., and, later, another and better for the Christians in Italy; but all these were finally superseded by the grand and most important version made by St. Jerome in Latin called the “Vulgate”- that is, the common, or current or accepted version. This was in the fourth century of our era [A.D.]. By the time St. Jerome was born, there was great need of securing a correct and uniform text of Holy Scripture in Latin, for there was danger, through the variety and corrupt conditions of many translations then existing, lest the pure Scripture should be lost. So Jerome, who was a monk, and perhaps the most learned scholar of his day, at the command of Pope St. Damascus in 382 A.D. made a fresh Latin version of the New Testament (which was by this time practically settled), correcting the existing versions by the earliest Greek manuscripts (MSS.) he could find. Then in his cell at Bethlehem, between (approximately) the years 392-404, he also translated the Old Testament into Latin directly from the Hebrew (and not from the Greek Septuagint)-except the Psalter [book of Psalms], which he had previously revised from existing Latin versions. This Bible was the celebrated Vulgate, the official text in the Catholic Church, the value of which all scholars admit to be simply inestimable, and which continued to influence all other versions and to hold the chief place among Christians down to the Reformation. I say the “official” text, because the Council of Trent in 1546 issued a decree stamping it as the only recognized and authoritative version allowed to Catholics. “If anyone does not receive the entire books with all their parts as they are accustomed to be read in the Catholic Church, and in the old Latin Vulgate Edition, as sacred and canonical….let him be anathema.” The Vulgate was revised under Pope Sixtus V in 1590, and again under Pope Clement VIII in 1593, who is responsible for the present standard text. It is from the Vulgate that Our English Douay Version comes; and it is of this same Vulgate that the Commission under Cardinal Gasquet, by command of the Pope, is trying to find or restore the original text as it came from the hands of St. Jerome, uncorrupted by and stripped of subsequent admixtures with other Latin copies.*

*The number of books in the Catholic Bible is counted as 72 or 73 depending on whether “The Lamentations of Jeremias” is considered to be part of Jeremias or a separate book of the Old Testament. – Publisher, 2004.

* This work was begun in the pontificate of Pope St. Pius X (1903-1914) but was not completed and published until 1978. It is known as the “New Vulgate” or “Nova Vulgata” and was promulgated by Pope John Paul II as the “editio typica.” This edition of the Vulgate, however, does not give the hallmark Vulgate rendering of Genesis 3:15: “I will put enmities between Thee and the woman, and thy seed and her seed: she shall crush thy head, and thou shalt lie in wait for her heel.” (Emphasis added.) – Publisher, 2004. (This may have something to do with the reluctance to make public the 3rd secret of Fatima) TradCat4Christ

Taken from Where We Got The Bible: Our Debt to the Catholic Church by RT REV HENRY G. GRAHAM I am not the Author merely the distributor. God Bless BJS!!


In a Nutshell

Here is what I gathered from your email:

1. Do you think Catholicism or Christianity is in competition?

2.  Other lessons/belief systems that offer it’s own wisdom, comfort, and moral guidance?

3.  What is wrong with the idea that every religious tradition offers different, but equally valid lessons about the world?

4.  Could there be more to life than just Catholicism?

5.  Is there something wrong with the person who decides what they truly believe?

My initial thoughts:

1.  Christianity – religion based on the person and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, or it’s beliefs and practices (it does not say some beliefs and practices).

2.  The Catholic Church is the main and earliest form of Christianity (there has to be a reason for that like everything else in the universe).

3.  How can something be in competition with itself?

4.  Truths from other “Christian” religions are either natural truths or taken from the Catholic Church and that is an historical fact, repeated over and over.

The first question that comes to my mind is whether or not you believe or recognize Jesus Christ as God (not just another Santa Claus like pretty much everyone treats Him), the 2nd person of the Blessed Trinity, or if you think of Him as another human being with no real significance. 

Let us consider some points that can help us recognize the Divinity of Christ using reason and history. Reason because everyone has it, even those without Faith. And history because everyone lives in it, and it’s applicable, whether you like it or not.

1.  Socrates had no one foretell his birth.  Buddha had no one to pre announce him and his message or tell the day when he would sit under a tree. Confucius did not have the name of his mother and his birthplace recorded.

2.  Search the writings of the Jewish people and the related history of the Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, and Romans. There have been no more prophecies of anyone coming after Christ.

3.  What separates Christ from all men is that first He was expected; even the Gentiles had a longing for a Deliverer, or Redeemer. This fact alone distinguishes Him from all other religious leaders.

4.  A second distinguishing fact is that once He appeared, He struck history with such impact that He split it in two, dividing it into two parts: one before His coming, the other after it. Buddha did not do this, nor any of the great Indian philosophers. Even those who deny  God must date their attacks upon Him A.D. so and so, or so many years after His coming.

5. A third fact is this: every other person who ever came into this world came into it to live. He came to die. Death was a stumbling block to Socrates – it interrupted his teaching. But to Christ, death was the goal and fulfillment of His life, the gold that He was seeking. Few of His words or actions are intelligible without reference to His Cross. He presented Himself as a Savior rather than merely a Teacher. It meant nothing to teach men to be good unless He also gave them the power to be good, after rescuing them from the frustration of guilt.

6. The story of every human life begins with birth and ends with death. In the Person of Christ, however, it was His death that was first and His life that was last. “the Lamb slain as it were, from the beginning of the world.”

7.  A fourth distinguishing fact is that He does not fit, as the other world teachers do, into the established category of a good man. Good men do not lie. But if Christ was not all that He said He was, namely, the Son of the Living God, the Word of God in the flesh, then He was not “just a good man”; then He was a knave, a liar, a charlatan, and the greatest deceiver who ever lived. If He was not what He said He was, the Christ, the Son of God, He was the anti-Christ! If He was only a man, then He was not even a “good” man, but He was not only a man. He would have us either worship Him or despise Him – despise Him as a mere man, or worship Him as true God and true man.

He will not allow us to pick and choose among His words, discarding the hard ones, and accepting the ones that please our fancy. We need a Christ Who will restore moral indignation, who will make us hate evil with a passionate intensity and love goodness to a point where we would drink death like water.

– The Life of Christ, Bishop Fulton Sheen 1958.

“It is thy own lips that have called Me a King. What I was born for, what I came into the world for, Is to bear witness of the Truth. Whoever belongs to the Truth, listens to My Voice.” (JOHN 18:37)

So as Christ is God and easily the most important and only pre-announced person in history, and as the Old Testament is mirrored through His Church in the New Testament. True Catholicism ties the ancient Jewish traditions of sacrifice  (bread and wine for Thanksgiving, and the Pascal lamb for atonement of sins); Christ brought these sacrifices together as the Priest, the Victim, and the Redeemer all at once. With the Last Supper being the first Catholic Mass Christ said:

“And giving thanks, broke, and said: Take ye, and eat : THIS IS MY BODY, which shall be delivered for you: this do for the commemoration of me. In like manner also the chalice, after he had supped, saying: THIS CHALICE IS THE NEW TESTAMENT IN MY BLOOD: THIS DO YE, AS OFTEN AS YOU SHALL DRINK, FOR THE COMMEMORATION OF ME.

For as often as you shall eat this bread, and drink the chalice, you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come. Therefore whosoever shall eat this bread, or drink the chalice of the Lord unworthily  (hence the Sacrament of Confession), shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. But let a man prove himself: and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of the chalice. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh judgement to himself, not discerning (believing, reverence towards the Real Presence of Christ in the Holy Eucharist under the appearance of bread and wine, the whole of the Catholic Faith, and everything Protestants and everyone else aims to destroy), the body of the Lord. Therefore are there many infirm and weak among you, and many sleep.”

What it comes down to is the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass is the same exact sacrifice offered to God the Father by His only begotten Son but in an unbloody manner. And the whole of the Faith depends on whether or not the person really and truly believe that after the bread and wine are transubstantiated they are completely and wholly, the body, blood, soul, and divinity of Jesus Christ. Because it was given from Christ to His Apostles and passed down through the imposition of hands to the Bishops and priests of the true church today.

Nothing else that any human being has ever done comes even close to this importance. That is God on the Altar right in front of your eyes! He did it for the Jews in the Old Testament when they wandered the desert for 40 years. He was a white mana that came down for them every morning to satisfy all their physical needs. And now His precious Body and Blood are our spiritual food if we want an eternity of happiness with God and it’s the only way we get to Heaven. Everything else is made up because ex-Catholics could not live up to the moral standards Christ instituted to His Apostles.

Just as a father has love for his children and does things that may at first seem harsh but ultimately is out of love of his children, so Christ gave us His Church, and promised to be with us until the end of time if we only adhere to the truth and everything He has commanded of us. Not just the things WE want to do or believe in, because history is full of that. It is daily obedience to the Will of God. Baptism for the washing of the soul from the stains of original sin, frequent reception of the Sacraments, keeping the commandments, observing sundays and holy days of obligation, as long as we are alive on this Earth we can turn to God and repent and start living the way we are supposed to be living. Denouncing the world, and all its enticing material things, dying to our physical senses, and seeking only the solicitation of the things that are of God’s Will for us. Obedience is paramount in making it into the Ark of the New Testament. We cannot get to Heaven by ourselves, you need the Holy Ghost dwelling in your soul and you receive that through His Church not anyone else’s. Just as Faith without works is dead, works without Faith are useless. Christ’s Presence in the Holy Eucharist IS the Catholic Faith, and it IS Christianity.

“If any man eat of this bread, He shall live forever; and the bread that I will give, IS MY FLESH, for the life of the world.”

John 6:52

What could be more important, efficacious for the salvation of our souls, than adherence to what the Creator of the Universe has commanded us to do? And who else has such a love for us, as to make themselves one with Him by offering us the bread of His flesh for our salvation? How important is it to you? If one believes they are a good person, is that simply enough? Because if one were truly a good person would they not follow and listen to the Source of all Good, God made man, Christ Himself?

​The Living Church


In spite of all kinds of persecutions, the Church, under the guidance of the Holy Ghost, has continued to spread all over the world. It has obeyed strictly the command of Our Lord to the Apostles: “Go and make disciples of all nations.” Everywhere men have listened to its voice, believing the warning of Christ, “He that believeth not shall be condemned.”


    Give a short summary of the history of the Church for the almost two thousand years of its existence –The following is a brief summary: 

  1. The first 400 years. The Apostles dispersed to different countries in order to carry out Christ’s command to teach. The Apostles baptized, preached, and ruled in various countries to which they were sent. They appointed bishops and priests to rule and minister to the faithful.In spite of sufferings and persecutions they persevered, until finally they sealed their faith by martyrdom. Peter and Paul were especially interested in the conversion of the Roman Empire, the mightiest and also most wicked empire of ancient days.The morals of the Romans were extremely debased; the evil was spreading from the Imperial City of Rome throughout the vast empire. In Rome alone some 30,000 different “gods” and “goddesses” were worshipped, many of them for their very immorality. So close was the union of the pagan religion and the empire that to attack the religion was to be considered a traitor to Rome. For this reason the full force of the empire was set against the new religion of the Christians. But the Fisherman did not falter: Peter battled with all his might. He and Paul were both martyred; but others rose to continue the battle for Christ, which lasted for nearly 300 years.Persecution followed upon persecution, numbering ten unsurpassed in ferocity. The severest were those under Nero (64-68) and Diocletian (303-305). The latter condemned to death some two million Christians. But the more they were persecuted, the faster they increased. Tertullian says: “The blood of martyrs is the seed of Christianity.”

    At last, in 313 A.D., the banners of Christianity were flung out in victory; peace was granted by the Edict of Milan. Later, Constantine the Great made Christianity the State religion (324 A. D.) He was led to this step when he conquered in battle after seeing in the heavens a luminous cross with the words In hoc signo vinces (In this sign thou shalt conquer). His saintly mother, St. Helena, had also a great influence on his conversion.


  2. The second 400 years. Before sixty years had passed after the Edict of Milan, hordes of barbarian Huns, Goths, Vandals, and Visigoths, numbering millions, started moving from the north into the civilized European countries. City after city surrendered until Rome itself was taken, and the darkness of barbarism covered the continent. But the missionaries and teachers of the Church mingled with the barbarians, returned with them to their countries, and brought light once more out of darkness.St. Patrick was sent to Ireland, and converted that nation to Christianity. St. Augustine in England and St. Boniface in Germany changed those nations into followers of the cross of Christ. The idol worshipping Franks followed their king Clovis into the Christian fold. At the end of four centuries, the cruel and savage barbarians of Italy, Spain, France, Germany, England, and Ireland were Christians, civilized, progressive, settled in peaceful cities, building churches, carrying on trade. 
  3. The third 400 years. In the seventh century Mohammed had begun to propagate his doctrines among the Arabian tribes. His was a conversion by the sword: a great part of Asia, North Africa, Spain, and the islands of the Mediterranean were overrun and conquered to Mohammed’s Allah. At last Mohammedanism broke into France.In a memorable nine-day battle in 732 A. D., the French Christians under Charles Martel defeated the Mohammedans at Tours, and thus stopped their incursions into France. But in the next century the Mohammedans entered and sacked Rome itself, even St. Peter’s. However, the Church carried on and finally repelled the invader.The fall of Jerusalem into the hands of the Mohammedans in the eleventh century gave impetus to the Crusades, during which Christian armies went to free the Holy Places from the infidels. There were seven Crusades in all, from 1095 A.D., to 1254 A.D. Among the outstanding leaders we may mention: Godfrey de Bouillon, Frederick Barbarossa, Richard the Lionhearted, and St. Louis of France. 
  4. The fourth 400 years. The Christian rulers of Europe, upon becoming more powerful, began to look with envy on the Pope’s authority, and to encroach upon it. Although the Crusades had had good effects, too much interest in material preparations caused a relaxation in spiritual life; heresy often attacked the Church. Berengarius denied the Real Presence; followed the Greek schism, the Albigensian heresy, and the heresies of Wycliff and Huss, who denied the authority of the Church. Finally, in the sixteenth century, the general laxness and spirit of revolt culminated in open defiance against Church authority, and the Protestant Revolt swept Europe.An Augustinian monk, Martin Luther, in 1517 made an open attack on the doctrine of Indulgences. When he was effectively refuted by Doctor John Eck in a public argument, Luther became enraged, and more active in propagating his errors. Because his doctrines appealed to human vanity and weakness, he attracted many followers. The princes. who envied the papal authority, threw in their lot with Luther. The Bible was declared the only rule of faith, so, that no one would any longer be dependent on Church authority, but could interpret the word of God as he pleased for himself. The vicious were readily won over by the doctrine that man cannot prevent sin on account of natural corruption and the absence of free will.Revolt spread from Germany to other countries. In Switzerland John Calvin followed in Luther’s footsteps, and began Calvinism. In Scotland John Knox was the propagator of Protestantism. In England, Henry VIII’s desire to change wives was the immediate cause for the establishment of the Anglican Church. Denmark, Holland, Norway, and Sweden were all swept into heresy by their rulers.But out of the pains of the Protestant revolt, the Church came forth stronger and purified. In the meantime, newly discovered countries were converted. The Portuguese and Spaniards were the pioneers in this missionary enterprise. The discoveries of new lands, to which Catholic missionaries went, resulted in the gain of more millions for the Church than had been lost in Protestantism.


  5. The last 400 years. Many in Europe returned to the Church; more were gained in the Americas. Protestantism has continued to attack the Church; the paganism bred from the spirit of laxity and revolt is another enemy. Open warfare goes on in Russia and satellite countries. Still the Church continues to grow, the greatest single religious body in history.In 1954 missionaries of Mother Church can be found in the most remote portions of the globe, working patiently to bring souls to Christ. They go where no other foreigners would go. At present there are about 30,000 priests, 12,000 lay brothers, and 60,000 Sisters working in the foreign missions. The missions are supervised and supported by the Societies for the Propagation of the Faith and the Holy Childhood.At present the Church has a membership of about 425,000,000 in all parts of the world. They are under the direction of some 420,000 priests, 2,200 Prelates, and one Head, the Pope. They form the greatest body having a single religious faith. The different Protestant denominations number about two hundred million all together. The schismatic Eastern Christians total about 150 millions.

This article has been taken from “My Catholic Faith” I am not the author merely the distributor.God Bless BJS!!

​Foundation of the Church

Ninth Article of the Apostles’ Creed



From among His disciples Our Lord chose twelve Apostles, and gave them special training. He sent them forth to teach His doctrines, saying, “As the Father has sent me, I also send you.” The Apostles were the foundation of the True Church. Christ gave them all power and authority, saying, “He who hears you hears me: he who rejects you rejects me.”
    Did Jesus Christ found a Church? –Yes; all history, religious and non-religious, including the Bible, clearly proves that Jesus Christ founded a Church. 

  1. After teaching publicly what He required all to believe and practice, thereby announcing the main doctrines of His Church, Christ gathered a number of disciples. From them He chose twelve, to whom He gave special instruction and training. The term “a kingdom”, by which Our Lord used to refer to His Church, implies organized authority. And He said to the special men He had chosen, “You have not chosen me, but I have chosen you” (John 15:16). He did not teach the disciples for themselves alone, but to be the foundation of His Church. God did not come to save only a few disciples, but all men. 
  2. Christ said to the men He had chosen: “As the Father has sent me, I also send you” (John 20:21), bidding them go and preach the doctrines He had taught. He sent them to all nations, promising salvation to those that should believe, and threatening condemnation to those refusing to believe.“He who believes and is baptized shall be saved, but he who does not believe shall be condemned” (Mark 16:16). God is just; He would not have threatened condemnation to unbelievers unless He had furnished the means whereby they could believe. His Church is this means; all men must join it. 
  3. Not only did the men chosen by Christ have authority; He gave them extraordinary powers, particularly the twelve special men, the Apostles. “Then having summoned his twelve disciples, he gave them power over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to cure every kind of disease and infirmity” (Matt. 10:1).

    1. They had power to sanctify, when Christ bade them: “Go therefore, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit” (Matt. 28:19). 
    2. They had power to forgive sin, when Christ said to them: “Whose sins you shall forgive, they are forgiven them” (John 20:23). 
    3. They had power to rule when Christ said: “He who hears you hears me; and he who rejects you rejects me; and he who rejects me rejects him who sent me” (Luke 10:16). And: “Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound also in heaven” (Matt. 18:18). 
    4. They had power to offer sacrifice, when at the Last Supper Christ, after instituting the Eucharist, bade them:“Do this in remembrance of me” (1 Cor. 11:24-25).


  4. After training the disciples and Apostles to form the organization of His Church, Christ chose Simon Peter, and made him the Chief. Simon, whose name Christ changed to Peter, was the Head of the Church. On Simon Christ promised to build His Church, saying: “Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church” (Matt. 16:18). After the Resurrection He confirmed Peter’s authority over the Church, saying to him: “Feed my lambs; feed my sheep” (John 21:15-17). 
  5. Finally, He promised to remain for all time with the Church He established. If the death of Our Lord were to do good only to a few persons then living in Judea, its merits would have been very limited. But it could do good to future generations only if there were an organization with authority to carry on His teachings and preserve them from all change. This is His Church.
    Why did Jesus Christ found the Church? –Jesus Christ founded the Church to bring all men to eternal salvation.Our Lord Jesus Christ established the Church in order to lead men to heaven by:


    1. Continuing His teaching and example; and 
    2. Applying the fruits of His Sacrifice on the cross to all men until the end of the world. Our Lord gave to the Church a three-fold office: the office of teacher, the office of priest or sanctifier, and the office of pastor or ruler. By these offices Christ intended His Church to accomplish the purpose for which He founded it.


  1. After Pentecost Sunday the Apostles began to carry out their mission of making disciples of all nations. Through them and their successors this mission continues and will continue to the end of the world. On the first Pentecost about three thousand were received into the Church after St. Peter’s sermon. They were the first members converted and baptized since the Ascension of Our Lord.
    Was the Church founded by Christ a visible organization? –The Church founded by Christ was a visible organization, with certain distinguishing marks. 

  1. No one can deny that Jesus Christ gathered disciples, and out of them chose twelve Apostles, to whom He gave special instruction and orders. He formed them as the foundation of His organization; was this not visible? Speaking of a stubborn man, He said: “If he refuse to hear even the Church, let him be to thee as the heathen” (Matt. 18:17). And He promised his disciples: “Amen, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be bound also in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed also in heaven” (Matt. 18:18). Surely something must be visible to bind and loose, to be heard and obeyed. And Christ referred to this visible organization as a city set on a mountain, that cannot be hidden (Matt. 5:14). 
  2. From the very beginning the Apostles exercised their authority and powers; these were signs of a very visible organization. They did not advise; they directed, as superiors, and decided, as judges. Thus St. Paul excommunicated the sinful Corinthian; and he commanded the Hebrews: “Obey your superiors, and be subject to them” (Heb. 13: 17). 
  3. The Apostles and Fathers condemned schism. This fact implies a visible organization; for how can there be schism against an invisible body? St. Paul urged the Corinthians: “By the name of Our Lord Jesus Christ … that there be no dissensions among you” (1 Cor. 1:10). And St. Cyprian in the third century wrote: “Whoever is separated from the Church is separated from the promises of Christ … One cannot have God as a Father who has not the Church as his mother.”

This article has been taken from “My Catholic Faith” I am not the author merely the distributor.God Bless BJS!!



During Holy Week the Church lives again the passion and death of Christ. On the first day, Palm Sunday, the solemn entry of Jesus into Jerusalem is celebrated by the blessing of palms, followed by a solemn procession. At the Mass of this day, as on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Friday, the story of the Passion from each Evangelist is read. On Thursday, Friday, and Saturday of Holy Week the Tenebrae are celebrated: the fifteen candles are put out one by one, to symbolize the flight of the disciples, and the death of Our Lord. On Holy Thursday morning a pontifical Mass is celebrated, in cathedrals only; at this the holy oils are blessed. Commemorating the Last Supper at which the Holy Eucharist and the Priesthood were instituted, Holy Thursday Mass takes place in the evening, with the washing of feet to commemorate Christ’s washing of the Apostles’ feet. At the Good Friday service, emphasis is given to the veneration of the cross. Holy Saturday services are held at night, beginning with the blessing of the new fire; from this the Paschal candle is lighted, a reminder of Christ, Light of the world. The five grains of incense imbedded in the candle remind us of His wounds. Four Lessons are read; the baptismal water is blessed and taken to the font. The Mass commemorates, Our Lord’s glorious Resurrection.


    When did Christ die? –Christ died on Good Friday.

    During the three hours that Christ suffered on the cross, He spoke seven times. We call these the seven words:


  1. “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.”


  2. “Amen, I say to thee, this day thou shalt be with me in paradise.”


  3. “Woman, behold thy son…. Behold thy mother.”


  4. “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?”


  5. “I thirst.”


  6. “It is consummated.”


  7. “Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit.”

    Where did Christ die? –Christ died on Golgotha, a place outside the city of Jerusalem.

    Christ was crucified on a hill called Calvary, outside the city of Jerusalem.

    St. Augustine says that on the cross Our Lord bent His head to kiss us, extended His arms to embrace us, and opened His heart to love us. How thankful we should be to Christ for His love! “He humbled himself, becoming obedient to death, even to death on a cross” (Phil. 2:8).

    What took place at the death of Christ? –At the death of Christ the sun was darkened, the earth quaked, the veil of the Temple was rent, the rocks split, and many of the dead arose and appeared in Jerusalem.


  1. The tearing of the veil of the Temple at the death of Christ marked the endof the Jewish religion as the true religion. This Jewish religion had been a figure of the True Church, and when the Church was established, was no longer needed: types and figures had to give way to reality.

    The veil of the Temple concealed the Holy of Holies, the most sacred part of the Temple.


  2. We must not, however, make the mistake of thinking that Christianity ended the moral laws-laws regarding good and evil that were taught by the Jewish religion. Christ came not to destroy, but to perfect, the Old Law.

    The authority of the Temple and its officers was now placed in the Church established by Christ, in the hands of His Apostles. The ceremonial laws of the Jews relating to worship were abolished.


  3. The Church commemorates the passion and death of Christ on Good Friday. The solemn afternoon service consists of four parts, the veneration of the cross being the chief feature. All may receive Communion.

    After the Holy Thursday ceremonies the altar was stripped; lights were put out, and bells silenced.


  4. After His death, Our Lord’s body was taken down from the cross and laid in the grave which belonged to Joseph of Arimathea. Then His disciples rolled up a great stone to close the tomb.

    The chief priests and the Pharisees went in a body to Pilate, saying, ‘Sir, we have remembered how that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, ‘After three days I will rise again.’ Give orders, therefore, that the sepulchre be guarded until the third day, or else his disciples may come and steal him away, and say to the people, ‘He has risen from the dead’; and the last imposture will be worse than the first.” Pilate said to them, ‘You have a guard; go, guard it as well as you know how.’ So they went and made the sepulchre secure, scaling the stone, and setting the guard (Matt. 27:63-66)

    What do we learn from the sufferings and death of Christ? –From the sufferings and death of Christ we learn God’s love for man and the evil of sin, for which God, who is all-just, demands such great satisfaction.


  1. It was not necessary for Jesus to suffer so intensely in order to redeem all men. As His merits are infinite, He could have wiped away the sins of a thousand worlds by shedding one drop of His blood. But He chose to suffer agonies because He loves us.

    “Greater love than this no one has, that one lay down his life for his friends” (John 15:13). “I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for his sheep … I am the good shepherd; and I know mine and mine know me. … and I lay down my life for my sheep” (John 10:11-15).


  2. From the Passion of Christ we learn the evil that sin is, and the hatred that God bears it. We learn the necessity of satisfying for the malice and wickedness that is sin. Sin must be a horrible thing, to make Jesus Christ the God-man suffer so much.

    By Christ’s obedience He atoned for Adam’s disobedience, for He was obedient unto death. “He was wounded for our iniquities; he was bruised for our sins” (Is. 53:5).


  3. The sufferings of Christ, in addition, serve as an example for us, to strengthen us under trials.

    Christ gave us an example of patience and strength. If we receive trials, we should accept them with resignation, in imitation of Our Lord, Who suffered so willingly for our sake. We can never have as much suffering as He did.

    Churches are built in the form of a cross because within the sacrifice of the cross is reenacted. Within them we remember easily the events that took place that day long ago, when Jesus Christ, Son of God, for love of us suffered and died on the Cross.

    Church spires lead us to “seek those things that are above” (Col. 3:1); they are surmounted by a cross, the symbol of our salvation; their bells call us to prayer, communion with God. The church interior is divided into three parts: the porch, where in former times those preparing for baptism and the penitents knelt; the nave, which is the central and main portion, for those attending the Holy Sacrifice; and the choir or sanctuary, where in former times the singers stayed, now reserved for the clergy, and separated from the nave by the communion rail.

This article has been taken from “My Catholic Faith” I am not the author merely the distributor.
God Bless BJS!!

​The Promise of the Redeemer

Second Article of the Apostles’ Creed



Immediately after the Fall, God promised a Redeemer to Adam. He forgave man, although He had not forgiven the rebel angels. He was more merciful to man than to the angels. In making the promise, God spoke of the Blessed Virgin, who was to be the Saviour’s Mother.

      Did God abandon man after Adam fell into sin? –God did not abandon man after Adam fell into sin, but promised to send into the world a Saviour to free man from his sins and to reopen to him the gates of heaven.God could have abandoned man as a consequence of Adam’s sin; then the human race would have suffered eternal separation from Him. 

    1. The promise was first made to Adam before God sent him out of Paradise. God said to the serpent who had tempted Eve: “I will put enmities between thee and the woman, and thy seed and her seed; she shall crush thy head” (Gen. 3:15)In this passage, the woman spoken of is the Blessed Virgin Mary. Her seed is Our Lord Jesus Christ. He was the Redeemer promised by God. God said that there would be complete enmity between Our Lord with His Mother on one side, and the devil with his followers on the other. 
    2. This promise was renewed several times to the Patriarchs of the Old Testament: to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and David. Because Abraham remained true to the worship of God in the midst of idolatry, God led him to Canaan. As a reward for his obedience, God promised, “I will make of thee a great nation … and in thee shall all the kindred of the earth be blessed” (Gen. 12:2,3). This promise was repeated twice.The same promise “in thy seed shall all the nations be blessed” was repeated to Abraham’s son Isaac, and to Isaac’s son Jacob. Finally, hundreds of years later, God commanded the prophet Nathan to repeat to King David the very same promise, “He shall build a house to My name, and I will establish his kingdom forever” (2 Kings 7:13) 
    3. Later, God sent the Prophets. Through them He foretold many things about the Redeemer: about His birth, His Person, His sufferings. His death, and His final glory.God enlightened the Prophets so that they could speak in His name to the Jews or Israelites’ the descendants of Abraham. There were about seventy prophets, the last being Malachias, who lived some 450 years before Christ. 
    4. God chose the Jews as the people among whom the promised Saviour would live; for this reason we call the Jews the “chosen people”. God prepared them for the coming of the Saviour: by heavy trials, by severe laws, by miracles, by prophecies.The selection of the Jews did not mean rejection by God of the other nations. Every renewal of God’s promise recalled blessings in which all were to share. Even among other nations there were just men, In Greece, Socrates spoke against the worship of idols. Holy Job lived in Arabia. The Magi were of the East. Vergil the poet prayed the virgin-born Son to come and reign over His people.
      Why did God wait thousands of years before sending the Redeemer? –God wished men to realize the enormity of sin. 

    1. God wished men to see how low they could sink without His help. He wanted the world to prepare for the Redeemer.Men became so wicked that God destroyed all in the Deluge, except Noe and his family. God permitted men to sink into the deepest misery, so that they might be roused to a longing for the promised Saviour. When the Saviour at last came, all nations were sunk in idolatry and wickedness except the Jews. Even among the Jews there was continuous dissension and sin. 
    2. From the time of Adam the true religion was preserved till the advent of the promised Saviour by the patriarchs, prophets and other holy men inspired by God to teach and lead his Chosen People.In spite of the imperfection of the old religion, there was always only onetrue religion. It was but a shadow of the perfection that was to come, but was the true religion before Christ: the Jewish Faith.
      Who is the Saviour of all men? –The Saviour of all men is Jesus Christ.Men would know the Saviour by certain signs which God revealed through the Prophets. 

    1. Of His advent the Prophets spoke:

      1. The Messias was to be born in Bethlehem, when the Jews were no longer free.“And Thou, Bethlehem Ephrata, art a little one among the thousands of Juda: out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be the ruler in Israel: and his going forth is from the beginning, from the days of eternity” (Mich. 5:2). “The scepter shall not be taken away from Juda, nor a ruler from his thigh, till he come that is to be sent, and he shall be the expectation of nations” (Gen. 49:10) 
      2. The Messias was to be born of a virgin of the House of David.“Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a Son, and his name shall be called Emmanuel” (Is. 7:14) 
      3. The Messias would be preceded by a precursor who would preach in the desert.“The voice of one crying in the wilderness: Prepare ye the way of the Lord: make straight in the desert the paths of our God” (Is 40:3). 
      4. A new star was to announce the birth of the Messias; He would be adored by kings from distant lands bringing Him gifts.“A star shall rise out of Jacob, and a scepter shall spring up from Israel” (Numb. 24:17). “The kings of Tharsis and the islands shall offer presents: the kings of the Arabians and of Saba shall bring gifts” (Ps. 71:10) 
      5. Many children would be put to death at the time of His birth.“A voice was heard on high of lamentation, or mourning, and weeping, of Rachel (representing the Jews) weeping for her children, and refusing to be comforted, because they are not” (Jer. 31:15).


    2. Of the person of the Messias the Prophets spoke: He was to be the Son of God. He would work great miracles, and teach the people. He would he King of a new kingdom, which was not to be destroyed, and was to include all nations.“The Lord hath said to me: Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten Thee” (Ps. 2:7). “Then shall the eyes of the blind be opened, and the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped. Then shall the lame man leap as a hart, and the tongue of the dumb shall be free” (Is. 35:5-6). “The God of heaven will set up a kingdom that shall never be destroyed … and it shall consume all these kingdoms, and itself shall stand forever” (Dan. 2:44). 
    3. Of His sufferings the Prophets spoke:He was to enter Jerusalem riding on an ass. He would be betrayed by one who ate at the same table with Him. He would he abandoned, mocked, beaten, spat upon, scourged, crowned with thorns, and given gall and vinegar to drink. Lots would be cast for His garments. His hands and feet would be pierced with nails. He would die between two evildoers. 
    4. All the prophecies were fulfilled in Jesus Christ. He is the Redeemer, the Saviour that God in His mercy had promised.The angels announced Him as the Redeemer to the shepherds when He was born, and to St. Joseph in a vision. “For God so loved the world that he gave his only-begotten Son” (John 3:16)

This article has been taken from “My Catholic Faith” I am not the author merely the distributor.
God Bless BJS!!

    The Truth As Revealed By God & What the Jews Missed/Ignored

    “I say to you, that he will quickly revenge them. But yet the Son of man, when he cometh, shall he find, think you, faith on earth?” Luke 18:8

    They have not known, nor understood: for their eyes are covered that they may not see, and that they may not understand with their heart.” Isaiah 44:18

    Having eyes, see you not? and having ears, hear you not? neither do you remember.” Mark 8:18

    The Son of God worked miracles. Jesus raised people from the dead, the blind could see, the deaf could hear, dumb could speak, lame could walk, He multiplied bread and fed thousands. Even with these miracles the Jews rejected Him as the long awaited Messiah. God prepared the world for 4,000 years for this singular event, the coming of Christ, and when it happened they did not accept Him as their foretold Saviour.  How could they be so blind to these events that pointed to Christ? The Pharisees and Scribes knew the law and all the prophecies, they should have and most probably recognized the Messiah. With their voluntary and prideful blindness, it was not a matter they could not see, but rather they would not see. The same thing is happening today with the Novus Ordo religion (so-called Catholics of the modern world), the higher ups, clergy, bishops, and so-called popes should see through all the fraud, lies, and deceit and know this is not the Catholic religion established by God made man, but they will not.

    “And you shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you  free.” John 8:32

    Almighty God has revealed one religion through Jesus Christ, who has done things that Mohammed and Buddha have never done. Divine evidence is there, nothing else cuts it as far as “religion” or even comes close. Without the Faith however, it is impossible to please God (no matter how charitable you are), you cannot get to Heaven without the Faith as revealed by Christ.

    “Woe to them that are fainthearted, who believe not God: and therefore they shall not be protected by him.” Ecclesiasticus 2:15

    He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.” John 3:18

    How can you believe, who receive glory one from another: and the glory which is from God alone, you do not seek?” John 5:44

    Within everyone is ability to find the true Faith, the evidence is there. Men of good will, and who look for and seek the truth; if they do not contain hinderance of self through pride and other earthly distractions, will find the truth. Let go and let God. Here we look at the very first bit of evidence in the first human beings to be created, the descendants of Adam along with the Hebrew meanings of their names, to find a message from the Almighty:

    1. Adam – Man, in the image of God

    2. Seth – Substituted by (Cain killed Abel, Seth took his place)

    3. Enos – Frail man

    4. Kenan – Fell lamenting

    5. Mahalalel – The Blessed God

    6. Jared – Shall come down

    7. Enoch – The Teacher

    8. Methuselah – His death shall send

    9. Lamech – to the humble

    10. Noah – Rest/consolation

    Man, in the image of God substituted by frail man, fell lamenting. The Blessed God shall come down. The Teacher, His death shall send to the humble, rest or consolation.

    God was giving us a message through the names of the first human beings on this Earth that He would come down to die for our sins and provide us with a means of rest from the effects that sin had on the whole human race

    On the subject of why Jews are so often persecuted throughout history, and why God still allows them to carry on; Saint Augustine states that the purpose is this: So clearly does the Old Testament and its prophecies point to Jesus that Pagans might accuse Christians of making it all up and writing it out, attempting to make everything fulfilled by Christ. Pagans cannot use this arguement because the Jews who did not and do not recognize Christ as the Messiah, verify that the Old Testament had come from their forefathers and that it is clearly their possession. This ownership therefore negates any possibility that Christians made it up and also verifies the Divine miracles which we will get to in a moment.

    Prophecies Before the Coming of Christ:

    1. The Prophet Micheas: foretold that the Messiah would be born in Bethleham (Micah 5:2) 

    2. The Prophet Haggai: said the Messiah would visit the second temple. This prophecy was made after the first temple had been destroyed and the second was being built. People were lamenting that this temple was nowhere in comparision to the size and grandeur of the first, but it was stated the glory of this last temple will be greater than the first because He will come to it. That temple is now destroyed, so this prophecy cannot be fulfilled today.

    3. Jacob (In Genesis): prophezied that the scepter would not pass from Judah until the Messiah would come (Genesis 49:10). Judah and his descendants ruled God’s chosen people (David was from this line, as were the Maccabees), the scepter passed when the Romans conquered the Jews in 39 B.C. and put Herod in charge over the Jews.

    4. Prophecy of Daniel (605 B.C. – 530 B.C.): stated that when Jerusalem was beginning to be rebuilt there will be 69 weeks of years until the public appearance of the Messiah (note Daniel was not even alive when they started rebuilding Jerusalem). 453 B.C. was the start of rebuilding (69 weeks of years comes to 483 years), which puts the time at 30 A.D. when Christ started His public ministry.

    5. Isaiah: said He would be born of a virgin of the house of David.

    6. Isaiah: also stated the Messiah would have a precursor (Malachi 3:1)

    7. Balaam: states a new star will rise at His birth (Book of Numbers 24:17)

    8. Psalms 71: that kings from a distant land would come worship Him and offer Him gifts.

    9. Jeremias: talks about children being put to death at His birth.

    10. Prophet Osee (Hosea): that He would have to flee into Egypt and return from there.

    11. Isaiah: Messiah would be both God and man, a child shall be born and He shall be called “God the Mighty”

    12. Psalms 109: the Messiah would be like Melchisidech and offer bread and wine in sacrifice.

    13. Isaiah: a great worker of miracles, describing these miracles he states the blind will see, lame walk, deaf hear etc. 

    14. Zacharius: that He would ride into Jerusalem on a donkey (palm Sunday, when the Jews were bringing the paschal lambs for sacrifice, the Lamb of God).

    15. Zacharius: stated He would be sold for thirty pieces of silver (Judas Iscariot).

    16. Psalms 40: betrayed by one of His own disciples (Judas Iscariot).

    17. Zacharius: forsaken by His own disciples.

    18. Psalms 21: He will be mocked.

    19. Isaiah: He will be beaten and spit upon.(50:6)

    20. Psalms 72: He would be scourged.

    21. Canticles: He would be crowned with thorns.

    22. Psalms 73: He would be given gall and vinegar to drink.

    23. Psalms 21: They would cast lots for His garments.

    24. Psalms 21: They would pierce His hands and feet.

    25. Isaiah 53: That He would die with criminals/evildoers.

    26. Isaiah 53: He would be as patient as a lamb.

    27. Isaiah 53: He would die willingly for our sins.

    28. Psalms 15: His Body would not see corruption.

    29. Psalms 72: He would return to Heaven.

    30. Psalms 109: He would sit at the right hand of the Father.

    31. Joel: His doctrine would be spread by His Apostles out of Jerusalem to the whole world.

    32. Duetromony: Jews would be punished and scattered for rejection of Messiah (28:25)

    33. Daniel Chapter 9: Osee temple destroyed, curtain ripped, priesthood would end, sacrifices cease, never to be rebuilt.

    “There will be a clean oblation, the continual sacrifice throughout the world offered to God from the rising of the sun to the going down of the same…” The Holy Sacrifice of the Mass

    Psalms 109: The Messiah will come to judge all men.

    When the Jews offered the paschal lamb in rememberance of their delivery from the Egyptians and took the blood and put it on their door posts, the angel of death passed over their houses. God told them to offer the lamb every time of the year at the passover; they would take the lamb and in the waving ceremony would point the lamb to the North, South, East, and to the West making the sign of the cross (unbeknownest to them), just as when the priest offers the host at mass and places it on the corporal making the sign of the cross as well with the chalice.

    In todays times when Jews still offer the lamb at passover they take a wooden pomegranite stick and put it into the throat of the lamb running the length to its feet, while using another wooden only stick to prop open the chest cavity also making the sign of the cross.

    Men of the Old Testament and their Correlation to Christ:

    1. Noah: the sacrfice of quitting the Ark when the flood was complete signified a New Covenant with God (rainbow), as Christ did when leaving the world after dying on the Cross.

    2. Malchisedech: a king of justice, was king of Salem (that is the king of peace), Christ was both king and priest and offered bread and wine in sacrifice. Christ in the last supper changed the bread and wine into His own Body and Blood, sealed with death on the Cross.

    3. Isaac: only begotten and well beloved son of His Father (Abraham), carried the wood on which he was to be sacrificed and offered himself willingly (as Christ carried His cross). He was restored to his father and from him sprang countless offspring.

    4. Jacob: was persecuted by his brother and afterwords reconciled to him through the son of a rich father, he wandered in a strange land and won his bride through long service, as Christ did with His Church. Jacob had 12 sons of whom Joseph was his beloved/Christ 12 Apostles of which St. John was His beloved.

    5. Joseph: the well beloved son of his father, Joseph was hated by his bretheren, sold by them for silver after great humiliation he was raised to the highest honor. And by his council he saved all his people from death. Heralds proclaimed all should bow their knees before him and he was reconciled to his bretheren. Just like Christ.

    6. Moses: when a child escaped the cruel command of the Egyptian king (as Christ fled with His family), when it was ordered that all Jewish boys were to be killed.  He was rescued by being placed in a wicker basket in the Nile river. Spent his youth in Egypt, fasted 40 days before publication of ancient law, freed Iseralites from slavery, brought them to the promised land, worked miracles in proof of Divine Mission, interceded for the people of God. Appeared on Mt. Sinai with a shining countenance just like Christ on Mt. Tabor (sermon on 8 beautitudes), and was a mediator of the ancient covenant.

    7. David: born in Bethlehem, spent youth in humble state, vanquished giant Goliath the enemy of the people of the Lord. He was king of Iserael, he had to suffer much but triumphed over all his enemies.

    8. Jonas: was three days and nights in the belly of a whale, as Christ ressurected after three days. He preached penance to the Ninevites.

    The paschal lamb was slain on the Friday preceeding the paschal Sabbath and offered to God, it was eaten and to be without spot, in the prime of its age and not a bone to be broken. Just as Jesus was offered back to God and still is every hour of every day every where in the world for over 2,000 years.

    The blood sprinkled on the door posts preserved the people from temporal death, Christs’ blood from spiritual death. It was eaten before they departed for the promised land as Our Lord gives us His body to eat before our departure to Heaven.

    The emissary goat had hands imposed on it by the high priest, signifying everyones sins being placed on it and then being driven out into the desert to die. Just as Christ took on all the sins of mankind coming from Heaven to die on Earth. As the priest today extends his hands over the bread and wine in the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass to signify its true nature as a sacrifice for our sins.

    The brazen serpent in the desert was set upon wood so that all who gazed upon it would be healed from the bite of the fiery serpent and from the wounds of their sins. Just as Christ was raised on the cross so that all who look to Him with Faith and Hope are saved from the deadly effects of sin. Hence our Lord says as Moses lifted up the serpent in the desert, “so must the Son of Man be lifted up that whosoever believeth in Him may not parish, but have life everlasting.”

    The mana that was lived off of for 40 years while the Jews were in the desert is a type of Holy Eucharist as Christ in the Blessed Sacrament. It was white and came down from Heaven every morning and was to be consumed at that time. It contained within itself everything that all His people needed, young, old, sick, healthy it satisfied everyones physical needs just as the Blessed Eucharist today satisfies all our spiritual needs.

    “The Jews therefore murmured at him, because he had said: I am the living bread which came down from Heaven.” John 6:41


    People can verify with the spreading of Christianity throughout the world and that these Apostles who were simple fisherman spread the Faith based off these miracles. Even the Jews who wrote and spread horrible things about Christ and Our Lady, their strongest arguement would have been that He never performed these miracles. But they never say anything about that. His miracles were so public so people could see firsthand. His ressurection had over 500 people witness that were willing to shed their blood and die because they saw Him alive again, wounds and all.

    The Jews wanted Him to come down from the cross, but He died. They wanted Pilate to put Jesus to death to say that even the Pagan Romans knew how bad He was but it backfired. Pilate instructed them to put their own guard at the tomb. Jews paid Roman soldiers to say that while they were asleep they witnessed the disciples come and take the body of Christ. As St. Augustine again points out, how can anyone witness anything being asleep?

    And lastly, the Jews were scattered as foretold, 1 million were put to death, 90,000 enslaved and the rest scattered and persecuted even up until today. All of history centers around the birth of Christ. He founded one church the Catholic Church and this is also proven by history. This Vatican 2 “Catholic Church” is not that church. It denies the first commandment in recognizing false validity of other religions created by men.

    God Bless BJS!!